Expert Name: Karen Chung
Expert Title: Karen Chung
Company Name:  Special Learning, Inc.
Company URL: www.special-learning.com
Short Bio: Karen is the CEO and Founder of Special Learning.

Using Visual Supports to Prepare for a Successful Trick-or-Treating Event

Visual supports are strategies used in Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) to help teach kids with autism and other special needs. It utilizes the strengths (or preferences) of visual learners to process information in order to acquire new skills using pictures, drawings, objects or even printed words. Visual Schedules, one of the most common forms of visual supports, is a highly effective instructional tool to teach sequencing. Breaking a sequence down into individual targets (or skills) allows the child to learn the steps one at a time in order to master the full sequence at a pace that is appropriate for him/her.

To ensure a successful Trick-or-Treating event, you may want to “over-prepare” your child. Preparation can take many forms, but using priming strategies to “show” your child what to expect, including practicing the steps involved in going Trick-or-Treating, will give them the confidence they need to approach the day with excitement, not apprehension.

You can use a visual schedule to break down the sequence of the Trick-or-Treating process and review it with your child as many times as necessary for him/her to achieve mastery.

Steps in a simple Trick-or-Treating visual schedule may include:

1.     Walk to door

2.     Knock on door

3.     Wait for answer

4.     Say “Trick-or-Treat”

5.     Receive candy

6.     Say “Thank you”

7.     Walk away

Once the child is familiar with the sequence, you can contrive scenarios in which he/she can practice the newly-acquired skill in a safe environment by getting your neighbors or friends to participate. During this process, you may want to incorporate some “rules” about when and how much candy your child will be able to eat after Trick-or-treating. You can use a token economy system as a delayed reinforcement tool to keep their motivation level high in the days leading up to the actual event.

 

(See previous articles on how to use Priming and Token Economy systems to prepare for Trick-of-treating)

You can purchase our Getting Ready for Trick-or-Treating Holiday Learning Kit in our store.

Sign-up for our Level 1 ABA Online Training Course (Autism Basics) to learn additional ABA strategies and techniques.  

 

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